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About Chemical Peels
Chemical peels quickly improve the skin’s appearance.
In these treatments a chemical solution is applied to the skin. Peels are designed to change the superfical and or deep layers of the skin layers to a younger appearing state. The type of peel and the depth of the peel will depend on the type of correction needed. At Bridges to Beauty we utilize the Bridges Accumulative Age Layering Matrix (Click to See!), sort out your unique skin issues. Chemical peels affect aging skin issues in Layer 1, Layer 2 and Layer 3.
A chemical peel will cause the old and damaged skin to peel off thereby leaves a cleaner appearing skin with uniform colors. Some chemical peels tighten the skin by stimulating new fresh collagen. This reduces the look of fine wrinkles and large pores.
Peels come in varying strengths. The stronger the peel the deeper the penetration. The deeper the penetration the better the correction, but the deeper the peel the greater the downtime. The picture to the left is typical of Vi Peels, Jessner, and TCA peels.
Chemical peels can be done on the face, neck, or hands. They can be used to:
- Reduce fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth
- Treat wrinkles caused by sun damage and aging
- Improve the appearance of mild scars
- Treat certain types of acne
- Reduce age spots, freckles, and dark patches (melasma) due to pregnancy or taking birth control pills
- Improve the look and feel of skin
After a chemical peel, skin is temporarily more sensitive to the sun, so wear sunscreen every day. It should say “broad-spectrum” on the label, meaning it protects against the sun’s UVA and UVB rays (Skinceutical sunblocks are the most effective). Limit your time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., and wear a wide-brimmed hat.
Who Is a Good Candidate For a Chemical Peel?
Generally, fair-skinned and light-haired patients are better candidates for most chemical peels. If you have darker skin, you still can have good results, depending upon the type of problem being treated. But you also may be more likely to have an temporary uneven skin tone after the procedure, but this can usually be controlled with bleaching creams. The selection of the peel, the pre-peel and post-peel management is very important for client with all skin types but especially Fitzpatrick Types IV and V. Peels often require multiple sessions spaced between 6 weeks to 3 month apart to get the desired results. Series of peels are sold at discounts prices.
Skin sags, bulges, and more severe wrinkles do not respond well to chemical peels. They may need other kinds of cosmetic surgical procedures, such as laser resurfacing, a facelift, brow lift, eyelid lift, or soft tissue filler (Juvaderm, Radiesse or fat). Dr. Bridges or Rachel Trabone PA can help determine the most appropriate type of treatment for you.
Before You Get a Chemical Peel
Tell Dr. Bridges if you have any history of scarring, cold sores that keep coming back, or facial X-rays. Before you get a chemical peel, Dr. Bridges will ask you to stop taking certain drugs, patients on Accutane should not have a peel or laser resurfacing treatments for a year following discontinuation of the drug. Your skin should be prepared for a minimum of 6 weeks prior to the procedure for the best results. Use of Retin-A, Renova, Vitamin C Serum or glycolic acid may be recommended. Dr. Bridges will prescribe antibiotics or antiviral drugs.
Types of Peels Available at Bridges to Beauty
Glycolic acid is a gentle AHA acid that works by dissolving the bonds between skin cells. Because it works differently from other chemical peeling agents, it has almost no side effects and requires very little downtime. It’s one of the mildest skin peels available. Glycolic acid is great for all skin types, whether young, mature, dry, or sensitive. Glycolic acid provides a gentle exfoliation that fades fine lines, wrinkles, blemishes, sun damage and acne scars from all faces. It’s the perfect choice for those who want a skin peel with little to no discomfort, side effects or downtime.
Benefits of Glycolic Acid
- Increases collagen and elastin production in the under layers of the skin
- Make skin more flexible and more resilient
- Strengthens the skin’s lipid barrier, to hold in moisture and slow the signs of aging
- Gently sloughs away the upper layers of the skin to do away with fine lines and wrinkles; dead, dry skin; and sun-damaged cells
- Clears pores to treat and prevent acne in normal to dry skin types. Best of all, it
- Increases cell turnover for healthier skin
Glycolic acid: Smooths skin Improves skin tone Brightens and firms skin Boosts collagen and elastin production Accelerates cell turnover for healthier skin
Salicylic acid is a gentle Beta Hydroxy Acid. It’s long been used to treat skin conditions like acne. As a skin peel, salicylic acid can reverse the effects of aging, wiping away fine lines, wrinkles and blemishes. Salicylic acid clears pores to treat acne, and reduces oil production to stop acne from recurring. The Salicylic Peel is great for those seeking to rid themselves of chronic or recurrent acne, and enjoy clear, firm, brilliantly youthful skin.
Salicylic acid’s anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties give it the power to calm and soothe skin irritated by acne, while killing the bacteria that cause acne and slowing oil production to keep skin perpetually clear.
Salicylic acid benefits:
- Exfoliate dull, dead surface skin
- Cleanse the skin of oil, dirt and debris
- Penetrate clogged pores and follicles
- Accelerate collagen production for firmer, healthier skin
- Gently exfoliate damaged skin cells to remove fine lines, wrinkles, and hyperpigmentation
Tell Dr. Bridges if you are allergic to aspirin products to avoid an allergic reaction to salicylic acid. Like other peels, Salicylic acid can make skin more prone to sunburn. Protect treated skin with a broad-spectrum sunblock.
A Jessner Peel is a combination of salicylic acid, lactic acid and resorcinol. The salicylic acid in Jessner’s peel makes it a potent treatment for skin conditions like acne, psoriasis and eczema.
Jessner Peel Ingredient
- The lactic acid gently exfoliates the skin’s surface to eliminate fine lines, wrinkles and blemishes
- The resorcinol solvent dissolves dull, dead, rough skin
- The Salicylic acid dissolves deeply layered dead skin and thick oil in pores
It is applied in layers to achieve multiple peel depths. Jessner’s peel is perfect for many ages and skin types. It can rejuvenate mature skin, dry skin, oily skin, sensitive skin and hardy skin. A Jessner Peel stimulates collagen and elastin production to keep skin taut and healthy even as it ages. The exfoliating property lighten blemishes to even skin tone, while smoothing away rough, dead skin and wrinkles.
Jessner’s peel is very versatile . It unclogs pores and kills bacteria for clear, acne free skin, and it can remove the patchy, unsightly skin blemishes associated with conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. Enlarged pores shrink after a Jessner’s peel, and skin blemished by melasma, sun damage, freckles or appears polished, smooth and with even tones. Jessner’s peel fades fine lines and wrinkles.
A skin peel neutralizer is use with Jessner’s Peel. It neutralizes the peeling agents and instantly calms treated skin.
Jessner’s Peel: $99.00 – Series of 3 $275.00
The Vi Peel can be used on all Skin Types
The Vi Peel benefits
- improve the tone, texture and clarity of the skin
- reduce or eliminate age spots, freckles, and hyper-pigmentation, including melasma
- soften lines and wrinkles
- clear acne skin conditions
- reduce or eliminate acne scars
- stimulate the production of collagen.
- Vi Peel works well in conjunction with lasers, injectables and post procedure.
The VI Peel contains a synergistic blend of powerful ingredients suitable for all skin types. This peel provides dramatic results with virtually no pain, no skin preparation and little downtime.
The peel provides superior results for all skin types (Fitzpatrick 1-6). Regular use of the Vi Peel (two to four peels per year), along with proper home care, reverses sun damage. It treats hyper pigmentation including melasma, acne and acne scars, loss of firmness and rosacea. The peel is also suitable for the eye area, chest, hands, arms and back.
The recommended use of the Vi Peel is every 3 to 6 months.
Vi Peel is $350 and a series of 2 is $600
TCA, Trichloroacetic acid, skin peels offer more dramatic results than Alpha Hydroxy Acid (Glycolic acid) and Beta Hydroxy Acid (Salicyclic acid) peels, and they do it in fewer sessions, with more moderate downtime. They treat a range of skin conditions, from fine lines and wrinkles to acne and melasma.
- Stimulates collagen and elastin production for firmer, softer, suppler skin.
- Make skin clearer, smoother, and more even in tone.
- Improve acne scars and clears pores to prevent acne breakouts.
- Remove age spots, sun spots, melasma, freckles, and other pigmentation problems
- Improve blotchiness
- Firm crepiness
TCA comes in varying strength, typically 15%, 20%, 35% and up to 50%. The Obagi Blue Peel™ is a multilayered TCA peel.
A TCA peel will have a downtime of 3 to 7 days depending on the depth of the peel. Normal side effects of a TCA peel include redness, soreness, swelling and flaking. Most client experience a superficial tighten of the skin as the dead cell start to slough off. A brown crust may grow over the treatment area, this is normal for deeper peels. The peeling begins around 3 to 5 days and it can come off is small sheets. Don’t pull the sheet off just wash the face gently and allow what comes off to come off. Don’t try to rub it off aggressively. You will end up with “raw” or very tender areas that tend to stay pink longer. Once the peel is complete then the use of moisturizes and sunblocks are a necessity. Bleaching agent are used afterwards to control potential hyperpigmentation. The Skinceutical skin care line is the best I have found to maintain and actually improve the healing and results. Complete skin tightening takes several weeks.
Light peels of 10-15% TCA can be done monthly. 20% to 25% TCA peels every 3 months and 35% TCA peels every 6 to 12 months.
TCA skin peel complications include permanent skin lightening, demarcation lines and scarring. Darker-skinned persons are advised against using this type of peel.